Prepping > Medical/First Aid/Health

Saline Solution

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florida44:
Got this from Dr Bones and Nurse Amy. You may have some prepped but good to know how to make it as well.

The recipe for making sterile normal saline for wound care, by Ohio State U.:
How to Make Normal Saline
This recipe for normal saline will save you money and allow you to fix the
amount you need. Other names for this solution are boiled salt water, sodium chloride 0.9% solution, or isotonic sodium chloride. Normal saline is used for cleaning wounds, suctioning, tracheostomy care and other treatments.
Supplies:
Table salt (plain, not iodized)
Sterile jar with lid
Measuring cup
Measuring teaspoon
Pan with lid
Timer or clock
Steps to follow:
Wash your hands well with warm water and soap. Rinse with warm water and dry.
Get your supplies together.
Wash the pan and lid with mild soap and water. Rinse well with water.
To make one (1) quart (32 ounces or 1000 ml), measure 4 cups of tap water
and pour it into the pan.
Add 2 level teaspoons of table salt to the water.
Cover the pan. Bring the water to a boil and boil for 15 minutes. Be sure to
keep the lid on the pan.
Remove the pan from the heat. Keep the lid on the pan while the normal saline cools to room temperature.
Pour the normal saline into a sterile jar. Close the jar tightly with a sterile lid.
Label the jar with the date and time the normal
saline was made. Also mark the date and time
you should throw away or discard any that is
left in the jar. This would be 48 hours after
you open the jar.
Throw away unopened jars of normal saline one month after you prepared
them
--------------
Does it have application in survival settings? It certainly does for wound care, but the concern is how to make it safe for intravenous use. There's no way to guarantee you're not injecting contaminated fluids into a patient.

crplhood:
Do NOT use common table salt or even Sea Salt for IV use, and for that matter don't use it as eye wash either. The iodine in table salt (which is generally iodized in the US) is a particularly harmful to fragile lifeforms...such as bacteria, internal membranes that are not covered by keratinized skin cells (so all of them), and just about everything in your eye sockets. Also keep in mind that saline solution that is isotonic (same solute concentration) as our bodies is Nit antimicrobial, being that anything that lives in us would have to also thrive in that same sodium chloride concentration. That caveat aside, sounds like a legit way to create a wound debriding solution. For wound care, it won't matter if your measurements are a little inaccurate, which they will be if you use kitchen measuring cups. However, for true .9% NaCl soln, put 900mg (+/- 10mg) of NaCl in a cointainer, add previously boiled Distilled Water (and still hot but not vigorously steamjng) until the total volume of the new saline solution is 1000mL (+/- 10mL) . This will require patience and a 100mg graduated cylinder, a fine scale such as your reloading scale (with a clean tare tray!), and the conversion rate for grain to milligram if you are using a reloading  scale. As a matter of fact, I'll do a post later about lab equipment for peppers.

Nemo:
So how do I get that saline into the IV tube and veins?

Nemo

crplhood:
If you don't know how, then it's probably best not too. There's too many situations that seem to need saline that could actually kill the person. You could thin the blood, overhydrate, raise BP (high blood volume equals higher bp),  stroke someone out who is tetering on the edge of a bleed, etc. One of the medicals with have to confirm, but when I took ACLS in the army, even the rule with massive bleeding was hextend>plasma>nothing and saline/blood was only for the medical personnel.

Amish:
Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhea, fast or uneven heart rate, weakness, swelling in your hands or feet, feeling restless or irritable, slow breathing, feeling short of breath, or seizure (convulsions).

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